As a beginner in the world of programming, choosing the best programming language to learn first can be overwhelming. With so many options available, it's difficult to know how to start.
Luckily, there is no wrong answer. Every programming language is just a tool. With programming language, you give instructions to a computer to accomplish some task.
It is the same with cars. A car is also a tool that transport people and card from place A to place B. Can you answer what is the best car? Is it a Lambo? Or Ferrari?
What if you have four children that you need to drive somewhere? In that case, the best car is a minivan.
To really choose the best programming language, you need to consider what are your goals with programming. Do you want to have a programming career or is it just a hobby?
If it is a programming career, then it is a good idea to know what programming language is wanted in your area. Open job boards and check.
You also need to consider what kind of applications you want to work with. Do you want to make games? Or are you interested in mobile applications? Maybe web applications are your thing. Machine learning is a hot topic these days. There are so many options to choose from.
But don’t worry, in this post, we will list popular programming languages and where to learn them for free.
Python is a popular, versatile language that is known for its simplicity and readability. It is a general-purpose programming language. Python has a large number of libraries that can be used for various branches of the industry.
It is a very easy language to learn, it uses indentation instead of curly braces and it does not need to use semicolons. Since it is easy to learn, it is often the language of choice of people that are not programmers like scientists, mechanical engineers, accountants, etc.
It has a large and supportive community, making it a great language for beginners to learn.
Used for: data science, data visualization, machine learning, task automation, web development (server-side), game development, etc.
It also has a large number of libraries that help you easily solve various types of tasks.
Used for: frontend web development, backend web development (node.js), game development (browser games), mobile applications (react native), cross-platform desktop applications (electronjs)
Java is an object-oriented, general-purpose programming language. Java was and still is a pretty popular language mainly because of the Java virtual machine (JVM) that enables to run Java code on many different types of devices.
It is commonly used for building large-scale, enterprise-level applications. It was also the main programming language to build Android applications until Kotlin become more popular.
Java has a syntax that is similar to C and C++ but it is not a low-level language as those two are.
Used for: web development (server-side) - good for large enterprise applications, desktop applications (Windows and Linux), mobile development (Android apps - however, Kotlin is now more popular for Android developers)
Resources to learn from: learnjavaonline.org
Kotlin is a general-purpose, cross-platform programming language that was developed to be used on the Java virtual machine (JVM). It was designed to be a modern and more powerful version of Java, with improved performance and more useful features for developers.
Because it runs on the JVM, Kotlin code can be used alongside existing Java code and libraries, making it a popular choice for Android app development. Many developers find Kotlin to be more concise and easier to read and write than Java, making it a good language to learn for beginners.
Used for: mobile development (Android apps, but also iOS apps), web development (server-side, similar to Java)
Resources to learn from: JetBrains Academy
C# is a general-purpose language that is widely used for building a variety of applications, including web, mobile, desktop, and gaming applications. C# is similar to other popular programming languages like Java. It was developed by Microsoft and in the past, it was mostly used for developing applications for Microsoft systems.
Used for: web development (server-side), desktop applications (Windows), game development (Unity), mobile development (Xamarin)
Resources to learn from: Microsoft's official page - it has a bunch of video tutorials and documentation
Golang, also known as Go, is a programming language that was developed by Google. It is a general-purpose language that is designed to be fast, simple, and easy to use.
One of the key features of Golang is its support for concurrency, which allows developers to write programs that can easily run multiple tasks at the same time. This makes it well-suited for building systems that need to handle a lot of data or traffic.
Golang is also known for its strong focus on security and reliability, making it a popular choice for building secure and robust software.
Used for: infrastructure, web development (server-side), data science, machine learning
Resources to learn from: Golang BootCamp - book that has everything you need to know to start with Golang
Swift is a programming language that was developed by Apple. It is a modern, powerful language that is used for building a wide range of applications, including iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS apps.
Swift is known for being fast, easy to use, and safe, with a focus on writing clean, readable code.
Swift also has a strong focus on performance, making it well-suited for building apps that need to be fast and responsive. Many developers find Swift to be a good language to learn because it is powerful and versatile, yet still easy to understand.
Used for: mobile development (iOS) and other apps for Apple hardware
Resources to learn from: Official documentation
If you still can’t decide, don’t worry. We would recommend starting to learn Python. It is a popular, simple, and broadly used programming language.
You can use Python for your hobby projects and later you can easily find a job if you know it.
If you change your mind in the future and want to learn some other language, you can do that easily.
The knowledge that you get learning one programming language can be applied to any other language. If you know how to drive a Ford, you’ll know how to drive Honda.
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