When it comes to the world of programming, there are tons of stuff newbies aren't aware of. Terms like "web", "hypertext", "server" or "client" often heard in the tech community sounds strange and unfamiliar to them, not knowing that these are simple terms used in describing processes routinely carried out in software development. In this article, I'll be explaining some of these words in detail below:
The web operates a "hypertext" system, which is a form of text in which documents can link to other documents and resources and users can refer to those links for other related information. All web technologies are built around this concept of hypertext - the idea of documents and data resources that are linked to each other in a standard way.
Web server: This is a computer that provides resources, services or programs to other computers, known as "clients", over a network. A computer network is a set of computers sharing resources provided by a communication endpoint. A [server] provides functionality (such as sharing data among multiple clients or performing computation for a client) for other computer programs or devices. Web servers are computer software and underlying hardware that accepts request from browsers via HTTP, which is the network protocol created to distribute web pages. They are one of the most abundant types of servers today and they respond to requests for web pages and other web-based services. Other typical servers include: a database server, file server and virtual server.
HTML: This is the markup language that provides the structure and text of web pages. It stands for HyperText Markup Language. It is the first item sent by a server when a website is loaded into a browser. An HTML code contains technical details which a web browser uses as a blueprint to build a web page. A good place to get started on programming is writing in HTML because it provides quick feedback on what is being learnt as this is displayed by the web browsers.
Text editors: This is a software specifically designed to help a developer write code. It is a program built for editing code, it automatically highlight different parts of a code (syntax highlighting) when it is opened. It also manages the indentation of the code for a developer as different levels of indentation often indicate that some code is contained within other pieces of code. Indicators of syntax errors in text editors include; a missing quote, a comma is used rather than semicolon or a curly brace is used instead of bracket. Popular text editors include: VSCode, Atom, Sublime text, among others. Word Processors are not the same as text editors. A word processor is a piece of software used to write or format plain text like documents. It is not used in writing code because it doesn't handle syntax highlighting or indentation. Examples include; Microsoft Word, Google Docs, OpenOffice
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