Gems are open source libraries just like jar packages in java or modules in Go, the gem contains contain Ruby code. This helps in modularization of the code. A gem can be used by a developer in their own program, without writing that piece of code.
You can check the different gems at https://rubygems.org/. Below are some of the popular gems:
Bundler — Provides a consistent environment for Ruby projects by tracking and installing the exact gems and versions that are needed.
RSpec — A testing framework that supports BDD for Ruby.
Devise — Devise works with authentication. Website that needs to user log-in’s, Devise handles sign in, sign up, reset password, etc.
JSON — Provides an API for parsing JSON from text.
Nokogiri — Provides HTML, XML, SAX, and Reader parsers with XPath and CSS selector support.
Rails — Rails is a fullstack web application development framework.
To Install gems locally you can run the command:
gem install [gem_name]
The gem install command fetches the code, downloads it to your computer, and installs the gem and any necessary dependencies and builds documentation for the installed gems.
To see all gems installed locally run the command
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